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Cullicocha lake in  Huascaran National Park, Cordillera Blanca Peru


Date of Fundation: July 1 975

Location: Region Ancash, Provinces: Recuay, Huaraz, Carhuaz, Yungay, Caraz, Pomabamba, Mariscal Luzuriaga, Huari, Corongo, Sihuas and Bolognesi.

Area: 340 000 hectareas

Elevation: From 3500 to over 6000 m.a.s.l. (the highest peak is Huascarán, 6768 m)

Climate: Precipitation and temperature vary in accordance to altitude. In Llanganuco ravine, at 3860m the annual rainfall is 120 mm. and the average temperature is 7.5 °C.

In 1977, UNESCO established the Huascarán National Park as Biosphere Reserve and in 1985 was declared as World heritage Site.


The geological history of the Cordillera Blanca and The Callejón de Huaylas has yielded a diverese an irregular geography which has allowed the development of a wide of diversity of plants, animals and scenic wonders. Huascarán National Park is dominated by the Cordillera Blanca an its abundant lakes, streams, waterfalls, and high altitude meadows.

The Park contains 27 snow-capped peaks over 6000m within the Cordillera Blanca, which is the highest tropical mountain range in the world.

Huascarán, the highest tropical mountain at 6768m. was first climbed in 1932 by the Austrian team of H. Bernard, E. Schneider, P. Borchers and C. Mein. The northern peak of huascarán reaches 6120 m.a.s.l. and was first climbed in 1908 by Anne Peck (USA), R. Tangwaldera and G. Zumtangrald (Switzerland). Mount Alpamayo (5047 m.a.s.l.) was named the most beutiful peak in the world in 1966 by the Munich World Investigation on Scenic beauty. It was climbed in 1948 by the Swiss team of B. Lauterburg, R. Smid and F. Sigrist.

Flora: Studies state that Huascarán National Park has more than 550 plants species with a higher diversity occurring at lower altitudes. Above 4500m, only the Andean plant communities survive. These highly specilized plants have developed adaptations to resist the extreme climatic conditions of the region. Among these plants we have, Titanca (Puya Raimondi), Qantuta (Cantuta buxifolia), Q'eñua (Polepys sp.), Chakpa (Oreogallis grandiflora), Rima rima (Krapfia weberbaurii), Curïcasha (Matucana yanganucensis), Taulli (Lupinus weberbaurii), so on.

Fauna: The Spectacled bear (Tremarctos ornatus) in one of the most imprevise species found in the region. Little in known about this unique endargaded American laber. Among the most significant we have: The Andean condor (Vultur gryphus), Taruca (Odocoileus virginianus), Vizcacha (Lagidium peruanum), Cernícalo (Falco spaverius), so on.

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